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!!   Stuttering !!

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, , , ( ) , Aristotle Winston sir Churchill king George VI .

 

FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO STUTTER
Popular actors, singers and TV personalities

James Earl Jones - an actor - He does ads for the phone company. He was the Rock of Ages in the Merlin movie and was the voice of Darth Vadar in Star Wars.
Marilyn Monroe - an actress
Carly Simon - a singer
John Stossel - a television newscaster
Mr. Bean - an actor from England
Bruce Willis - actor
Mel Tillis - country-western singer -- the side of his tour bus used to read "M-m-m-m-m-el
Great Leaders
Winston Churchill - a statesman from England during WWII
Moses - a Hebrew leader who lead the people of Israel out of captivity in Egypt.
King Charles I - King of England
Late Chief Moshood Abiola (MKO), the president elect of the annulled June 12, 2003 presidential election in Nigeria. He was known for his high level of intelligence in business and politics in Nigeria.
Great Writer
Aesop - wrote Aesop's Fables
Great Scientist
Isaac Newton - discovered the law of gravity
Great Athletes
Ron Harper - basketball
Bo Jackson - baseball and football
Famous Dysfluent Athletes by Carol Flaherty
 

, hippo-crates , , Francis bacon .

 

        santorini , morgagni ( ) ɺ hyoid bone , , , .

 

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Johnson ( 1955 ) objectively : Dominick ( 1959 ) : smooth flow of speech    ( ).

 

       Johnson : expected stuttering .

       

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Sheehan ( 1958 ) learned avoidance Sheehan , , Sheehan : , , ɺ .     

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bloodstein ( 1969 ) normal non-fluency , speech-interruptions , sound-prolongation , anticipation of stuttering , , .

 

bloodstein (1969) :

 

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Johnson ( 1956 ) : learned behavior  , , : anticipatory hypertonic , :

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